New Mexico’s black bears actually come in a variety of color phases ranging from black and brown, to cinnamon (the most common color), reddish and blonde. An adult male black bear can weigh up to 400 pounds, though the average male weighs about 250 pounds. Female black bears typically weigh between 150 and 180 pounds.
Where do black bears live in New Mexico?
New Mexico’s state animal, the black bear, lives at higher elevations in mountainous regions, preferring forest woodlands with grass meadows. Often within a few miles of areas occupied by humans, an estimated 6,000 black bears can be found spread over more than 13 percent of the open lands in New Mexico.
How common are bears in New Mexico?
Historically, both black bears and grizzlies lived in New Mexico. Grizzlies were common in open grasslands as well as in forested areas. Currently, our black bear population is estimated at 5,000-6,000.
Are bears a problem in New Mexico?
Many places in New Mexico are near mountain ranges with healthy bear populations, including Santa Fe, Albuquerque and Ruidoso. During years of little to no rainfall, we often see these bears traveling off their home range into the outskirts of these towns, looking for food and water.
Are grizzly bears in New Mexico?
The grizzly bears lost and have been eradicated from New Mexico since the early half of the twentieth century. Black bears, on the other hand, use forest areas as their primary habitat. They survived and the black bear is designated as the official state mammal of New Mexico..
Are there mountain lions in New Mexico?
Large predators of New Mexico today are mountain lions, black bears, bobcats and coyotes. They are found throughout the state. These large, power ful predators have lived here for eons, feeding on the plentiful prey and playing an important role in the ecosystem.
What kind of bears are found in New Mexico?
The state is home to a unique subspecies of black bear, the New Mexico black bear (Ursus americanus amblyceps), which also occupies portions of Arizona, Colorado, Utah, and Texas. Colors can be black, brown or cinnamon, but all are considered black bears. Adult black bears weigh between 125 and 600 pounds.
Are black bears aggressive?
In most cases, black bears are relatively shy, only acting aggressively as a last resort. Nevertheless, the most effective way to avoid a bear attack is by preventing encounters in the first place. Just because black bears can be less dangerous than other large carnivores doesn’t mean fatal attacks don’t happen.
What to do if you see a black bear?
Stand and face the bear directly. Never run away from or approach him. Make yourself look as big as possible by spreading your arms or, better yet, a coat. Make as much noise as possible by yelling, banging pots and pans or using other noisemaking devices.
What do black bears in New Mexico eat?
Being omnivorous and opportunistic, black bears have a diet that varies according to seasonal availability of foods. In spring, the diet is mostly fresh grasses and forbs, young succulent shoots, roots, insects and carrion. In summer, young grasses, forbs, insects, berries and fruit are primary sources of nourishment.
Are there bears in Angel Fire New Mexico?
Game and Fish Officer Justin Johnson of Springer said black bears normally try to avoid humans, but he has responded to six or seven reports of bear problems in Angel Fire so far this summer. Bears have been spotted in many different areas throughout the village, he said.
Do you need bear spray in NM?
In New Mexico, most bears are active from mid-April through mid-November until their 5-6 month torpor (hibernation). Keep bear-spray with you when hiking or camping in bear country.
How good is bear spray?
Bear spray is a very effective deterrent when used properly. … found that bear spray stopped a bear’s “undesirable behavior” in 92% of cases. Further, 98% of persons using bear spray in close-range encounters escaped uninjured. The efficacy of bear spray depends on the situation and circumstances of the attack.