What is better for deer hunting 12 or 20 gauge?

A look at the gun rack in the average deer camp shows that 12-gauge slugs dominate the hunting community, but in many ways 20-gauge slugs are a better choice. … The smaller diameter of the 20-gauge slug makes up for the lighter powder charge, so that 20s and 12s end up delivering similar performance on game.

What gauge shotgun is best for deer hunting?

Go with 12-Gauge or Larger for Deer

This means most hunters will be best served by a 12-gauge. 16-gauges gauges can get the job done, and 20-gauge shotguns are easier for smaller hunters, but almost every deer hunter during shotgun season is toting a 12-gauge shotgun, while some will go even larger with a 10-gauge.

Is a 20ga good for deer hunting?

The 20ga slugs of today are VERY good on deer. IF there were not a better rifle out there, for use in our limited firearms area, I would use one.

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How far can you shoot a deer with a 20-gauge?

As a general rule, a 20 gauge with a full choke barrel shooting shot charges can be effective out to a maximum of 40 – 50 yards.

Which is better 12-gauge or 20-gauge?

A 12 gauge shotgun load is heavier and delivers more power than 20 gauge ammo does. As a result, a 12 gauge is typically better equipped to take larger game. You do sacrifice some things for that power 12 gauge shotguns have more recoil than 20 gauge and the firearm itself is more of a burden to carry.

How far can you shoot a deer with a 12 gauge?

The short answer however, is up to 200 yards if your shotgun can group as tight at 3-4 inches at 100 yards with the right load your gun happens to like.

Can you deer hunt with a 12 gauge shotgun?

These rules and regulations apply to all hunters using shotguns. Shotguns used for deer or bear must be 10 gauge, 12 gauge, 16 gauge, or 20 gauge and shoot slugs or #1 or larger buckshot. … 10-gauge and 12-gauge shotguns using slugs may be used to hunt elk, goats, sheep, or moose.

What can you hunt with a 20ga?

20-gauge shotguns are especially suitable for hunting game birds such as quail, grouse, turkey, and other game when using shot shells. A 20-gauge can also shoot slugs and buckshot and thereby become an effective deer-hunting gun.

Will a 20 gauge slug drop a deer?

An old rule of thumb is that it takes 1,000 ft-lbs of energy to kill a deer. The 20 gauge has plenty of energy. For example, the Winchester Supreme 2¾” 20-gauge Partition Gold load uses a 260-grain bullet with a muzzle velocity of 1,900 fps and a muzzle energy of 2084 ft lbs.

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How much does a 20 gauge slug drop at 100 yards?

A comparable 20-gauge 2 ¾-inch Foster sighted in at 50 yards drops about 6 inches at 100 yards and its energy diminishes to less than 800 foot pounds.

Speed and Energy.

Distance (yards) Drop (inches) Foot Pounds of Energy
100 +2.26 1,820
125 +1.74
150 0.0 1,362
175 -1.96

How far will a 12 gauge slug shoot?

A 12 gauge slug of one-ounce weight fired from a standard Federal cartridge will shoot over 300 yards. The ballistics are flat for around 200 yards and at the 300-yard mark the slug has dropped 4 feet.

How far is a 20 gauge accurate?

As a general rule, a 20 gauge with a full choke barrel shooting shot charges can be effective out to a maximum of 40 – 50 yards. A slug fired from a 20 gauge set up for slugs may be effective out to about 100 yards.

What’s the difference between 20-gauge and 12?

In a 12 gauge shell, it will take 12 spherical balls (or shot or pellets or projectiles) of equal size and weight, to equal one pound of shot. In a 20 gauge, it will take 20 balls of equal size and weight to equal one pound of shot.

Is a 10 gauge shotgun more powerful than a 12-gauge?

The difference is that the 10-gauge is larger and more powerful than a 12-gauge. It’s popular with goose hunters, because it throws more shot out at the same speed as a 12-gauge, making it more likely to hit a goose at extreme range, when the shot charge has spread out with a large space between pellets.

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Is 410 or 20-gauge better?

In general the . 410 and is a better choice for most purposes unless an extremely lightweight firearm with slightly less recoil is an absolute necessity. My 12-gauge is also more powerful than a 20-gauge, but the difference is not so great.