Polar bears are uniquely adapted to the north and freezing temperatures. Their coats, which range in color from white to creamy yellow and even light brown, are thick and the hairs are designed to conserve heat. In addition, the skin underneath their coats is black which absorbs the suns’ rays.
Why are polar bears white and not brown?
Polar bears have white fur so that they can camouflage into their environment. Their coat is so well camouflaged in Arctic environments that it can sometimes pass as a snow drift. Interestingly, the polar bear’s coat has no white pigment; in fact, a polar bear’s skin is black and its hairs are hollow.
What caused the fur color in bears to change?
The ‘bad’ cholesterol
Just as changes in the genes have led to changes in the fur colour from brown to white, a natural selection has led to changes in the genes that regulate the transport of fat in the blood and the breakdown of fat in the body.
How did the polar bear become white?
Polar bear hair shafts are actually hollow, which allows the fur to reflect back the light of the sun. Much like ice, this reflection is what allows these bears to appear white or even yellow at times. … In a warmer environment (like in a zoo), algae can actually grow inside these tiny hollow hairs.
Why does polar bear fur look yellow?
Polar bear fur is actually clear! … Polar bears whose diet has a lot of seals in it can look light yellow because of the seal oils. Polar bears that live in warmer climates (like in zoos) can have algae growing in their hair, which can make them look green!
Why do polar bears have clear fur?
Yes! Most sources indicate that the long, coarse guard hairs, which protect the plush thick undercoat, are hollow and transparent. … The hair of a polar bear looks white because the air spaces in each hair scatter light of all colors.
How does polar bear fur work?
When the sun’s rays hit off of the Polar bear’s transparent guard hair, some of this light energy travels into the hair and gets trapped. … All this bouncing light inside the guard hair causes whitish light to be given off by the hair, helping the Polar bear look white and blend into its Arctic snow and ice environment!
Did Brown Bears evolve from polar bears?
Evolutionary studies suggest that polar bears evolved from brown bears during the ice ages. The oldest polar bear fossil, a jaw bone found in Svalbard, is dated at about 110,000 to 130,000 years old. DNA comparisons suggest the species may have split at least 150,000 years ago, and maybe longer.
Why do polar bears have 42 teeth?
Polar bears have 42 teeth, which they use for catching food and for aggressive behavior. Polar bears use their incisors to shear off pieces of blubber and flesh. Canine teeth grasp prey and tear tough hides.
Do polar bears change color?
The fur can appear as different colors under different lighting. Normally, polar bears look white. That’s because their fur is scattering sunlight, which is also white. … But wild polar bear fur can still change color to yellow, thanks to oils from their prey that stain the fur.
Are polar bears black under their fur?
2. Polar bears are actually black, not white. Polar bear fur is translucent, and only appears white because it reflects visible light. Beneath all that thick fur, their skin is jet black.
What eats a polar bear?
Adult polar bears have no natural predators except other polar bears. Cubs less than one year old sometimes are prey to wolves and other carnivores. Newborn cubs may be cannibalized by malnourished mothers or adult male polar bears.
Why did bears go extinct in Ireland?
It is believed that the Irish brown bear went extinct around 2,500 years ago due to deforestation and loss of habitat to agriculture. It is possible that the bears survived here until more recent times in the mountains and last remaining pockets of forest. The Irish bear lives on in our folklore.